Category Archives: Blog

Scrap Lead Acid Batteries

Factors Impacting Value of Scrap Lead Acid Batteries

The common Lead acid battery – mostly produced to supply the auto industry, provides the electrical impulse required to start a vehicle and stabilizes the energy supply that keeps an engine running. They contain Lead plates which account for approximately 52% of the overall weight of the battery.

Lead acid batteries have a variety of applications, including industrial batteries designed to power equipment such as forklift batteries, as well as VRLA, Wet Cell, UPS or stand-by batteries, used to back-up computer/data centers and communication systems to maintain continued service in the event of a power outage.

Value of Scrap Lead Acid Batteries is Dependent on the Lead Commodity Trading Price

The value of end-of-life, scrap Lead acid batteries is influenced by a few factors. Primarily, Lead is traded as a commodity on the London Metal Exchange. Trading of metals, including Lead, affects the value of the metal on the world markets. Since metal traders determine the global base price of Lead, and Lead is the dominant component of a Lead acid battery, the value of the battery as a scrap item is highly impacted by the daily Lead commodity price.

Trends in Global Auto Industry Have a Bearing on the Value of Scrap Batteries

A major influencer on the value of Lead & auto batteries is the global auto industry. Auto batteries are installed in the majority of vehicles built globally. For example, the demand for Lead is forecast to drop in 2019, due to declining auto production in tandem with the emergence of the Electric Vehicle (EV’s) which rely on Lithium Ion (Li Ion) batteries instead of Lead acid batteries.

China’s demand for refined Lead in 2019 is expected to drop by 1.1% compared to 2018. The Chinese auto industry’s demand for Lead in 2020 is forecasted to fall by an additional 5%. Likewise in the US & Europe, the 2019 underperformance in the auto sector is forecast to result in a 7% drop in Lead usage for the year.  

Auto battery shipments decreased in the US by over 3% in the 1st through 3rd quarters in 2019, compared with the same period in 2018. The anticipated recovery in the auto sector in the US & Europe in 2020 is forecast to increase demand for Lead by 1.2% & 0.8% respectively.

However, due to public policy, growing consumer demand for EV’s & long-term commitment of some countries like China to build EV’s, the increased use of Li ion batteries will probably reduce the demand for Lead acid batteries & therefore lower their scrap price.

Weather Conditions Can Affect Scrap Lead Acid Battery Prices Too

An additional factor determining the value of scrap batteries is the weather. In countries with winter & summer climates, after the high summer temperatures quicken corrosion of battery plates & vaporize acid faster, these conditions usually manifest themselves during periods of cold temperatures, causing the batteries to fail.

Typically in summer months, there is an increased demand by auto battery mills (recyclers) for old batteries since there are fewer dead batteries available as scrap for their production levels. If the mills’ customers (usually from the auto sector) experience high demand from consumers for new cars & trucks, the battery mills must buy more scrap batteries to meet the demand for new battery production. Higher demand results in increased scrap values for the scrap metal dealers & their suppliers. However, during colder months, when the supply of dead batteries increases, the demand & scrap value tend to fall.

Scrap Battery Prices are Influenced by Supply & Demand in the Lead Mine Sector

Lastly, the global Lead mine industry also affects scrap battery prices. A 1.7% rise in refined Lead supply to 12 million tons is forecast for 2020. Refined Lead is produced from Lead ore. Mine expansions, greater production & Lead ore output as well as decreased ore supply due to operational issues such as environmental & work force conditions (labor strikes) cause Lead ore values to fluctuate.

The supply levels of raw Lead can eventually impact the value of scrap batteries. For example, if Lead acid battery manufacturers cannot rely on ample supply of refined Lead to meet their production schedules, they may increase the price they pay battery mills for the Lead that the mills capture from recycling batteries. This can result in the scrap dealers who supply the batteries to the mill, to receive higher prices for their battery scrap. The scrap dealers can then raise the price they pay their suppliers for batteries.

In summary, all of the above factors combine to determine what a scrap battery is worth as a recyclable product. Call H&C Metals, one of the largest buyers of scrap batteries in NJ, to find out what we are paying for them today.

Aluminum And Steel Tariffs

How Aluminum And Steel Tariffs Impact the Metal Recycling Industry

Before understanding the implementation of aluminum and steel tariffs, it’s important to learn more about the metals’ demand. Nearly all businesses and consumers in the United States rely on metals for a variety of applications. Take home refrigerators as an example; these products wouldn’t be what they are without the existence of metals. This also means that automobiles can’t be manufactured without these materials.

Without the importation of aluminum and steel, the American economy simply wouldn’t function. In fact, approximately one-third of the 100 million tons of steel used in the U.S. are imports. Nearly two-thirds of aluminum utilized in the country is a result of imports as well.

Countless industries rely on the importation of steel and aluminum to do business. The U.S. government’s 2018 decision to implement aluminum and steel tariffs is greatly benefiting some segments of the US economy, such as domestic Steel & Aluminum Mills, but tariffs also have detrimental effect on some industries and the overall American economy and in particular the Ferrous & Nonferrous scrap metal industry. Below are some of the key reasons, including the tariffs, why the value of scrap metal in particular Aluminum & Iron & Steel, have dropped since May of 2018:

Strong US Economy

While it may seem odd that the current strength of the US economy would negatively influence the value of scrap metal–that has been the case dating back to early 2018. The US economy’s record low unemployment, sparking home improvement projects in tandem with the general expansion of the economy in the construction, demolition, building & manufacturing sectors, has resulted in generating large amounts of scrap metal. The above referenced Mills rely on scrap metal as percentage of the raw material needed to smelt Aluminum or Steel to create new products.  There exists an over-supply of scrap metal and it exceeds demand from the Steel & Aluminum Mills & Smelters. Since the manufacturers of new Aluminum & Steel products have more scrap material than they need, that creates an economic condition in which demand is low thereby driving down the price of scrap Aluminum & Steel.

China Demand

China has been the world’s biggest importer of waste, including scrap metal, for many years. China imported paper, cardboard, plastic, and scrap metal from around the world and processed these materials for repurposing the new products they produce for export. However, the implementation of their January 2018 National Sword & Green Fence initiative–designed to help clean their environment, set a tougher standard for contamination levels in accepted recyclables & has resulted in significantly reducing the rate at which these materials are imported & in many cases eliminated entire categories of recyclables previously accepted. This initiative has created significant impact on the US & global metal recycling industry, and in particular the US Aluminum, Steel & Copper scrap business.

For example, for many years, most end-of-life automobiles in the United States were shredded and the resulting Aluminum portion of the shred product (called “Zorba”), was sold to China where it was further sorted to remove any non-metallic contaminants & the various types of metal in the shred, such as Cast Aluminum, Aluminum Extrusions, Stainless Steel and red metals not previously sorted-out in the US, such as Copper, Brass & insulated copper wire.

Since the goal of China was to reduce the amount of waste & contamination it received for recycling, materials like Zorba were banned. This caused an immediate loss in value for scrap Aluminum in the US. Those countries competing with China to buy Zorba, could now lower their prices paid for Aluminum shred, due to lack of competition, and the demand for the shred shrunk because most countries other than China did not have the extensive infrastructure, personnel or capacity to sort & refine (melt) the metals & produce new products. The resulting lower demand for Zorba, caused the US shred industry to drop their prices to the scrap dealers selling them scrap vehicles & loose Aluminum scrap, which in turn, caused the scrap dealers like H&C Metals to pay its customers lower prices for the same materials.

China’s new standards also impacted the value of scrap metal commodities such as scrap Copper Electric Motors in the United States. Prior to the new contamination standards established, China was the largest buyer of Motors in the global metal recycling market. The new standards eliminated China as a “home” for contaminated Copper (electric motors) & caused the demand for scrap motors to plummet, and the same aforementioned conditions impacting Zorba, caused the value of scrap motors to drop at US based scrap yards such as H&C Metals.


In addition to the scrap metal industry trying to adjust to the realities of the Iron Sword initiative, another globally oriented issue in 2018 brought complications to metal recycling: the multi-billion dollar tariff battle being waged between the U.S. and longtime partners, most notably China.

US tariffs, levied at 25 percent on steel and 10 percent on aluminum, took effect March 23, 2018. Soon after the U.S. duties were in place, China responded with tariffs of its own, including a 25 percent tariff on scrap aluminum. China is the largest consumer of scrap metal commodities in the world. So when China slapped retaliatory tariffs on aluminum waste and scrap, US recycling operations found themselves on the front lines of the trade war. Contractors who generate scrap metal from commercial & residential projects as well as consumers who haul junk metal out of basements, backyards and garages to scrap dealers like H&C Metals–delivering scrap to us to earn some cash by scrapping, have experienced less money in return for their scrap, since the inception of the tariffs. China went a step farther, placing 25 percent tariffs on $16 billion of U.S. products – including all scrap commodities, such as copper, nickel and stainless steel. American-made goods typically become more expensive overseas when retaliatory tariffs are imposed by China and other countries on U.S. exports. Scrap prices have dropped in the United States partially because supply here has increased due to the strong domestic economy & since the giant scrap market in China has shrunk. As tariffs have impacted foreign consumption of our exports, we now have an oversupply domestically of steel, aluminum and stainless scrap. Since scrap buyers in China hesitate to pay the extra 25 percent charge, they try to buy material from scrap dealers in other countries, which has resulted in US recyclers losing that business. Currently, industry experts say no other country or group of countries can pick up that slack from China. 

Choosing the Right Scrap Metal Recycling Partner

If your business is affected by the above referenced economic conditions & tariffs impacting the value of scrap, having a B2B relationship with a trusted scrap metal recycling partner can help minimize the reduced value of recyclable metals. H&C Metals is committed to finding & selling its scrap to the highest domestic & export bidders which in turn means we can offer competitive prices for our scrap to meet our customers’ expectations. To learn more about our expertise and experience in scrap metal recycling, feel free to reach out to us today. Get in touch with our scrap metal buyers by calling +(973) 589-7778 or using this online contact form.

Scrap Metal Recycling

Does Scrap Metal Recycling Really Benefit The Economy And Environment?

Choosing scrap metal recycling over landfill options is certainly the smarter thing to do. The former is great for the earth as it limits the amount of natural resources that have to be extracted, processed and utilized in the process. Additionally, the option of recycling scrap metals helps improve the country’s economy as well. Read on to find out more about the economic and environmental benefits that come with recycling scrap metals!

Scrap Metal Recycling Creates Jobs

The scrap metal  general recycling industries are some of the top employers in the United States. These industries typically provide jobs for tens of thousands of individuals on an annual basis. In fact, the recycling industry creates at least nine times more jobs than other employers specializing in sending waste materials to incinerators and landfills.

Research has shown that the scrap recycling industry supports over 450,000 American jobs. This is possible because the recycling industry is much more labor-intensive than solid waste management. Workers are needed to collect, sort and process materials, as well as take up supporting roles in the areas of logistics, sales and operations.

Increases Export Sales

The recycling industry has generated nearly $11 billion in revenue for federal, state, and local governments. That is why recycling scrap metal is great for the economy; has a solid track record of generating billions of dollars in export sales per year. This means that through the aforementioned industry, America is able to remain competitive on the global scale.

Reduces Toxins in Landfills

Certain types of metal-containing items contain dangerous toxins, such as mercury and lead. When these materials are processes according to the appropriate property facility type, these toxins can be safely separated and disposed of. Gone are the days when these materials make their way into landfills, which eventually contaminate the country’s water and soil. If this happens, the contamination can have a serious disruptive effect on wildlife, human health and the earth as a whole.

Saves and Conserves Natural Resources

One of the most pressing reasons why the entire H&C Metals team is passionate about recycling scrap metals is that it helps saves natural resources. It is important to understand that there is a limited amount of metal ore found on the planet. Once these resources are extracted, they are gone FOREVER. These extraction practices are potentially harmful to the environment & at worst costly and energy intensive. Choose recycling; it’s the better option. The majority of metal-based products can be recycled FOREVER.

Choose H&C Metals, Inc. for all Your Scrap Metal Recycling Needs

By recycling scrap metals, both individuals and companies can become active participants in helping the environment and improving the economy, i.e., improving one’s own business’ economic situation and supporting more American jobs. At H&C Metals, you can be sure that we’ll pay top dollar for your scrap metals!

To learn more about our Newark recycling center and scrap metal buyers, do not hesitate to call us at +(973) 589-7778 today or send us a message via this online form.

Stainless scrap

Why You Should Sell Your Stainless Scrap Without Delay

Do you have excess stainless steel scrap that’s waiting to be sold? You should consider selling it now because the stainless scrap prices have exceeded 2019 initial estimations and are now dropping. Between January and early September, the prices steadily increased. One of the reasons why the prices continued to climb in the United States was due to the increase of nickel pricing on the London Metal Exchange (LME).

Speculation in the Marketplace

Some scrap metal dealers (Jan – Sept.) believed the price improvement was caused by the speculation of potential (reduced) raw nickel supply issues and ongoing London Metal Exchange nickel price fluctuations. These scrap buyers hoped that the price changes were due to increased demand. For some processors and dealers, it has been a roller coaster ride for them. With all the speculation in the air, & strong pricing, it was easy to forget that the demand and supply in the real world did not match what Nickle was trading for on the LME.

A Bubble that’s Close to Bursting

Although 300 Grade stainless steel prices significantly increased since late June, major stainless steel processors in the United States realize that currently, with the steady drop in LME Nickle values since early September that the bubble is starting to burst. Those parties who believed that the Nickle market was looming downward, causing Stainless Steel scrap prices to retreat in the months ahead, were correct in their assessment of the market.

Pricing of 300 Series Stainless Steel Alloys

The Nickle market has indeed started to decline since about mid-September 2019. The NJ scrap dealers (& throughout the U.S.) who feared that the value of Stainless Steel was artificially high for many months this year were accurate in their evaluation. The prices for 304 Stainless Steel & 316 Stainless steel have dropped as of last month and continue to decline.

H&C Metals is therefore advising its scrap metal supplier customers to not hold their scrap Stainless, as today’s price may potentially be viewed as a great price in another 30-days or so.

How to Sell Your Stainless Scrap

Selling scrap metal is an excellent way to make money from materials that are unusable. You can be a good steward of the environment & earn some extra cash.  If you are looking to sell your stainless steel scrap, you have come to the right place. H&C Metals, Inc. offers professional recycling, pickup, and hauling services for nonferrous metals,  (including Stainless Steel) in New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and the surrounding areas.

To learn more about our full-service scrap metal facility, & the Stainless Steel market & pricing, feel free to reach out to our experienced staff members by calling 973-589-7778.

aluminum scrap

Why You Should Sell Your Aluminum Scrap Without Delay

If you have aluminum scrap in your inventory, now is a good time to sell it. You should not hold on to it because prices for all aluminum scrap grades (e.g., the mill & secondary grades) are declining. Latest reports showed that there was a decrease in primary metal on the London Metal Exchange (LME). In addition to prices dropping a penny or two below, smelter prices are declining as well. H&C Metals is advising its scrap metal suppliers to sell their: Old Sheet Aluminum, Aluminum Siding, Clean Aluminum, Aluminum Cans, Cast Aluminum & Aluminum Rims & Wheels, etc.

Today’s scrap metal pricing for Aluminum may seem low, but in 30-days from now, current prices may potentially seem strong.

About the London Metal Exchange

The LME is recognized as the global center for industrial metals trading. All prices shown on their three trading platforms are often utilized as the world’s reference price. In fact, both the investment and metal communities use the LME to take on or transfer risk, 24 hours a day.

Understanding Current Aluminum Scrap Prices

The mills specialty consumers’ buying price for some segregated Mill grade aluminum scrap reached their lowest level in more than a decade.

Aluminum scrap metal prices have been steadily declining since about May 2018 due to:

  • The continued decline in LME Aluminum pricing
  • The strong U.S. economy which results in an over-supply of Aluminum scrap and lower demand from the Mills
  • The Tariffs implemented in the Spring of 2018

Sellers’ Observations

Some aluminum scrap sellers feel that the terminal markets (LME) seem to be retreating and are taking primary grades lower. Although secondary markets seem to be maintaining their positions, there is still a pessimistic view in the marketplace. Other sellers, who are working hard to get sales off, have noticed that the prices are dropping in accordance to LME levels. For some sellers, they just don’t know where the “bottom” is going to be.

If you are looking to sell your aluminum scrap, H&C Metals is more than happy to help!

Lithium-Ion Batteries

Understanding The Need To Recycle Lithium-Ion Batteries

Today, lithium-ion batteries (or Li-ion batteries) are considered the battery technology of choice in a wide spectrum of electronics. For example, e-readers, laptops, smartphones, and more. Additionally, these batteries are also utilized to power various tools and even electric vehicles (EVs). Speaking of powering vehicles, industry analysts predict that China alone will generate approximately 500,000 metric tons of used lithium-ion batteries by 2020. A decade later, that number may reach two million metric tons per year.

Understanding Lithium-Ion Batteries

Before looking at how problematic used Li-ion batteries can be, we need to first understand their individual components. With that said, a single Li-ion battery may contain:

  • Carbon black and binder (e.g., PVDF—polyvinylidene fluoride.)
  • Separator plastics
  • Electrolyte solution
  • Copper
  • Aluminum
  • Active cathode materials (e.g., cobalt, aluminum oxide, lithium nickel, and lithium cobalt oxide.)
  • Anode (e.g., graphite.)

Many recyclers currently recycle just the metals; all the battery’s components, however, have value and can be reused after their recovery.

Causes More Landfill Problems

Now that you have a basic understanding of the batteries’ contents, it’s time to focus on the landfill problems they can cause. If current trends for handling used batteries remain unchanged, they will continue to pile up in landfills. Because they contain manganese, nickel, and cobalt, these metals can leak from the casing of buried batteries and contaminate groundwater and soil. These events threaten the well-being of humans and ecosystems. So, how can we prevent these problems from becoming a reality? The answer: recycle and reuse.

The Importance of Recycling

Both environmentalists and battery specialists agree that materials recovered from recycling Li-ion batteries can be used to make new ones. Because these materials account for over half of a battery’s cost, doing the above can help lower manufacturing costs. Nickel and cobalt are the two most expensive cathode metals found in said batteries. Their current market prices stand at roughly $12,600 per metric ton and $90,000 per metric ton, respectively.

It is important to note that used Li-ion batteries can have negative environmental effects not just at the end of their service lifespan but long before they are manufactured as well. By recycling spent batteries, we essentially reduce the need to mine for more virgin materials, as well as the use of other harmful processing materials, e.g., metal-sulfide ore can contribute to acid rain.

Reality Check: It’s Not that Easy

If recycling is the solution, why are we not doing it? Unfortunately, regulatory gaps, logistic issues, economic barriers, and technical constraints haven’t made this option a universally well-established practice. Today, the Li-ion battery industry still lacks a clear path to economical recycling on a large-scale. That’s why less than five percent of used Li-ion batteries are recycled today.

Continuous Improvement Needed

That’s not to say that the industry isn’t making any attempts to resolve the pressing issues. Large pyrometallurgy facilities are being used to recycle Li-ion batteries. These units, which typically run near 1,500 °C, are capital intensive and emit toxic fluorine compounds during the smelting processes.

Hydrometallurgy processing methods are practiced commercially in China. Although this less energy-intensive alternative helps lower capital costs, it requires the use of caustic reagents such as hydrogen peroxide, as well as sulfuric, nitric, and hydrochloric acids.

All is not lost; researchers are pursuing direct recycling methods that shun costly processing. For example, removing electrolytes with supercritical carbon dioxide before crushing the batteries’ cells and separating the components physically. It goes without saying that more work is needed to efficiently employ this cost-saving approach.

scrap import restrictions

What You Need To Know About China’s Scrap Import Restrictions

Did you know that China planned to restrict imports of eight different scrap categories? Yes, the restrictions are real and were implemented on the first of July. These latest restrictions were the country’s way of cleaning up its environment and to form recycling as a domestically driven industry. In addition to that, the restrictions were birthed after a year of regulatory additions on recyclable material import bans. So far, the plastic and fiber sectors in the United States have been hit harder than metals by said restrictions.

Types of Restricted Waste

Below is a list of the main types of restricted waste:

  • Aluminum waste
  • Re-melted scrap ingots of steel and iron
  • Scrap of iron and steel from machining (e.g., stampings, trimmings, filings, sawdust, milling waste, chips, shavings, and turnings)
  • Alloy steel scrap
  • Copper scrap
  • Iron or steel scrap
  • Tinned iron or steel scrap
  • Cast iron scrap

Affected scrap metal exporters believe that China would only restrict mixed metal imports. Oftentimes, these are lower in quality and have higher contamination rates. China’s port such as Sanshan will still accept furnace-ready materials that do not require further processing and sorting.

Reduced Material Quotas

In June, China’s government listed their reduced material quotas that will take effect in the third quarter of the year. Details are as follows:

  • Ferrous scrap: 14,968 metric tons
  • Aluminum: 54,256 metric tons
  • Copper: 240,796 metric tons

Due to stricter contamination standards and the residual effect of other material bans, copper is expected to be affected the most by the new regulations. It is important to note that these numbers only apply to certain companies in northern China. The list of companies in the South will be finalized at a later time. Much of the metal materials flow through the latter.

It’s a Restriction, Not a Ban

Remember that the new regulations on copper, aluminum, and steel are merely restrictions. They are not bans! Even so, these import restrictions are likely to affect scrap metal pricing, demand, and supply as a whole. In fact, certain scrap metal markets have already experienced destabilization in 2019. For example, tariffs that were imposed in the ongoing U.S.-China trade war. Research has shown that China’s scrap metal imports dropped by 44 percent following the tariffs.

An Early Shutdown

Although the metal import regulations were slated to be in full force on July 1, Sanshan port rejected scrap metal imports three days before the actual date. The early shutdown seems to be caused by importers attempting to beat the deadline by bringing in considerable stockpiles of metal. With that said, no one knows when the port will reopen and start accepting scrap metals again. Other Chinese ports, on the other hand, do not appear to be affected.

How Far Will China Go?

It is currently too early to determine how far China will go with their metal quotas. Likewise, no one can accurately predict the long-term effects of the port closure. While these events will lead to commodity price volatility and market uncertainty, it is not the end of the story.

scrap metal prices

What Are the Factors That Can Affect Scrap Metal Prices?

Whether you are someone who sells scrap metal, or a business owner that purchases processed scrap metal, it’s important to understand scrap metal prices. In the United States, for example, there are certain criteria that affect the prices of scrap metal. Let’s make a closer examination of what factors influence scrap metal prices.

Supply and Demand

This economic theory drives not only the price of scrap metal, but most economic concerns were price is a factor. The price will be lower the greater the supply of a product. The price will be higher, particularly when supply is limited, the greater the demand. Therefore, scrap metal prices will be lower if it is in high supply and in low demand.

Price of Virgin/New Metals

The price of virgin metals is another element that can affect scrap metal prices. This applies to newly mined metals that have not been processed, recycled, or used. Supply and demand, production costs, and energy costs can drive the price of virgin metal up. When those prices are expensive (high), as an alternative to virgin products, scrap metal becomes more valuable. Alternately, scrap metal becomes less essential when virgin metal prices drop because industries can, instead, afford virgin metals.

Production and Energy Costs

The cost of production and the cost of energy will largely affect scrap metal prices. Here’s what’s included in energy costs: oil, gas, and other electricity sources. In order to make up the difference, the price being offered for scrap metal may be lower when the cost of processing is particularly high. That said however, scrap recycling and scrap metal can be a more valuable endeavor if the costs associated with the mining of new metal are sufficiently inflated.

Other things that may affect the price of recycled metal can be the following: new commodity market price, the time of year, location, the quality of the scrap, the quantity of the scrap, and international trade.

Scrapping Metals for Money

So, what are the best things to scrap if you’re looking for some extra spending money? Here are the top moneymakers were scrap metals are concerned (subject to constant change):

  • Copper
  • Brass
  • Insulated copper wire
  • Stainless steel
  • Aluminum
  • Ferrous metals such as light iron

Go through your attic, route through the garage, brave that scary basement. It’s time to turn your garbage into gold – so to speak. If you’re part of a nonprofit organization, consider doing an aluminum can drive, or a collection of other trash/scrapped metals, electrical scrap, computer scrap, etc.

If, to make a little extra cash, you’re considering becoming a scrap collector, here’s your startup kit:

  • Basic knowledge of metals and their various types.
  • Cardboard box, barrel, or truck in which to keep your metal scrap.
  • A magnet, even if it’s just a pocket-sized one, is a must-have for all scrappers. A metal is most likely ferrous if it is drawn to your magnet (or vice versa).

H&C Metals offers competitive scrap metal prices for aluminum cans and other non-ferrous metals, computer scrap, ferrous metals, and some electrical scrap. In fact, for over 40 years, we have been offering not only competitive pricing but stellar service in Newark, New Jersey and the tri-state area. If you have a question about what materials we accept for recycling, or what are current prices are, contact us today.

Interested in information about non-ferrous materials? Watch our video here.

If you have questions about possible recyclable materials, our competitive prices, H&Cs’ Trucking and Hauling capabilities, or specific inquiries about metal recyclables, contact one of our knowledgeable customer service representatives today.

recycle scrap aluminum cans

Why Should You Recycle Scrap Aluminum Cans?

Does anyone really recycle scrap aluminum cans? The answer to this question is an emphatic yes! So much so that today, we are still using some 75% of all the aluminum ever created. In the United States, it is one of the most commonly recycled metals in existence. Furthermore, because in the process of recycling, it loses none of its quality or its integrity, it is 100% recyclable.

Why Is Recycling So Important?

The reasons for recycling aluminum cans are many. One of the biggest reasons is the savings on emissions and energy that would usually be used to make aluminum from the raw material bauxite. When compared to the amount of energy needed to produce aluminum from raw materials, the energy used in recycling aluminum only amounts to approximately 5%. If you are concerned about the environment, one of the biggest steps you can take is to recycle aluminum cans.

Where landfills and emissions are concerned: landfills have been spared approximate 23 million tons of waste and carbon dioxide emissions are reduced considerably.

Those looking for ways to help local communities, the economy, and help out the planet at the same time can save precious money, time, energy, and natural resources by recycling aluminum cans. Recycling one ton of aluminum saves the following:

  • 10 cubic yards of landfill space
  • 32 million BTUs of energy
  • 40 barrels of oil
  • 14,000 kW hours of energy

Garbage Everywhere!

Times have changed – and not all for the better. While far more user-friendly, conveniences like disposable diapers and individually packaged food servings now, more than ever, create ton after ton of garbage. Every single day, approximately seven and a half pounds of garbage is discarded by the average American.

And while nonrecyclable garbage does go into landfills and eventually gets buried, how long before we run out of space for the landfills? Worse yet, some waste materials are shipped to incineration plants which only serve to further pollute our already questionable atmosphere.

Recycling Aluminum Cans – An Investment In Our Economy

Many of us are familiar with the fact that money can be made from the collecting and recycling of aluminum cans. School groups, Girl Scout/Boy Scout troops, and other charitable causes can benefit by collecting aluminum cans and turning them in for cash. But there is another investment factor to the recycling of aluminum cans.

The collection and recycling of aluminum cans supports a diverse and strong recycling manufacturing industry. Localities and states benefit from the wages and jobs provided by this industry. In the chain of economic activity, it is a critical link. What’s more, the money and energy saved by various companies and industries that rely on recycled materials weighs in as an important factor.

H&C Metals knows fully well how important the recycling of aluminum cans is to the economy and the planet. For over 40 years, we have been serving the tri-state and Newark, NJ areas with our recycling efforts. If you have questions about our prices, our hours, scrap that we don’t accept, specific metals, or other recyclable materials, contact one of our knowledgeable customer service representatives today.

recycling scrap meals

Understanding The Fundamentals Of Recycling Scrap Metals

In this day and age where everyone is “going green”, the act of recycling scrap metals is a popular choice not only for its energy and materials saving capabilities but its lucrative possibilities as well. Let’s find out more about recycling scrap metals.

Metal Recycling

Since metal working’s early days, scrap metal has gone through salvaging and reuse. From both an economical and environmental standpoint, it is extremely effective to recycle metal. Because, with repeated melting and casting, the properties of the metal itself do not deteriorate, metals like copper, aluminum, iron, and steel can be recycled over and over again.

Why Recycle Metals?

Why is a specialty like the retrieval of metal from seemingly scrapped or garbage objects something that the metal recycling industry wanted to do in the first place? One big benefit is that landfills won’t be filled with discarded scrap metal. On the contrary, in fact, these once discarded metals are now used to create new products, after being converted into raw materials.

As an example of just what kind of coefficient, sustainable source of raw materials can be provided by recycling… without the use of recycled materials, the price of casting would increase by approximately 20 to 40%!

Types of Scrap Metal

The scrap metal industry refers to its scrap in several ways. These include the following:

  • Obsolete scrap
  • Prompt scrap
  • Home scrap

Metals Must Be Separated

Iron is contained in ferrous metals including gray iron, malleable iron, steel, etc. Using an electromagnet, nonferrous materials are separated from ferrous materials. This type of scrap is frequently used in cast steel and cast-iron products made by foundries and in steelworks.

Nonferrous metals do not contain iron. They are corrosion resistant, nonmagnetic, and, when compared to nonmetallic metals, are heavier. To separate nonmetallic pieces away from a large collection of scrap, a powerful cyclone or vacuum and metallic drum are used. To further separate problematic items out, “handpicking” by humans is required.

Purification and Refinement

A secondary refining is still needed even after separation. Certain specifications must be met before scrap can become usable raw material. Purification must be done.

To accomplish the refining process, pieces of scrap that have properties that are similar are heated to their melting point. Waste matter (or slag) is separated. For desired quality standards, even further refinement will still be needed.


For use in foundries and mills, scrap metal is shipped throughout the world. Every year, worldwide scrap metal consumption ends up being in the hundreds of millions of tons.

Ferrous metal casters alone use their internal scrap for between 30 to 50% of their metal needs. Additional outside scrap sources account for approximately 40 to 50% of their needs.

In the steelmaking industry, thanks to the recycling of scrap metal, landfills have been spared some 235 million tons of waste. (This was reported by the Bureau of International Recycling in 2016.) Rather than using iron ore to produce steel, 56% less energy is required when recycling steel.

Your Recycling Experts

H&C Metals specializes in the recycling of metals including both ferrous and nonferrous metals, plus select computer scrap, and electronic scrap. For over 40 years, we have been experts in our field while providing the tri-state and Newark, New Jersey areas with stellar service. If you have questions about possible recyclable materials, our competitive prices, H&Cs’ Trucking and Hauling capabilities, or specific inquiries about metal recyclables, contact one of our knowledgeable customer service representatives today.

And be sure to check out our video about nonferrous materials!